Essential Russian

Learn these essential Russian words and phrases and you won’t get lost while traveling in Russia. Check out the examples for each word and phrase to make sure you got it right.

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пробле́ма [prab-lyé-ma] Noun , feminine
problem, issue, trouble
на́до [ná-da] Predicate noun
(one) must, (one) need, it is necessary
коне́чно [ka-nyéch-na] Adjective
пока́ [pa-ká] Particle
bye (informal)
прия́тного аппети́та [pree-yát-na-va ap-pee-tée-ta] Phrase
enjoy your meal, bon appetit
извини́ть [eez-vee-néet'] Verb , perfective
здра́вствуйте [zdrá-stvuî-tye] Interjection , informal - "здра́вствуй"
hello; good morning / afternoon / evening
споко́йной но́чи [spa-kóî-naî nó-chee] Phrase
good night! (lit. - quiet night!, said before going to bed)
приве́т [pree-vyét]
hello, hi
пожа́луйста [pa-zhá-lus-ta] Particle
please; you're welcome
отли́чно [at-léech-na] Adverb
excellent, very good, perfect, great
поня́тно [pa-nyát-na]
clear, understandable; I see!
спаси́бо [spa-sée-ba] Particle
thanks, thank you
хорошо́ [ha-ra-shó] Adverb
good, well
свобо́дно [sva-bód-na] Adverb
vacant, free, freely; loose, loosely
за́нято [zá-nee-ta] Adverb
busy, occupied
мо́жно [mózh-na] Adverb
allowed, one can
нельзя́ [neel'-zyá] Predicate noun
not allowed, one cannot, one should not

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