Essential Russian

Learn these essential Russian words and phrases and you won’t get lost while traveling in Russia. Check out the examples for each word and phrase to make sure you got it right.

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хоро́шего дня! [ha-ró-shee-va dnya] Phrase
Have a nice day!
до свида́ния [da svee-dá-nee-ya] Phrase
goodbye
добро́ пожа́ловать [dab-ró pa-zhá-la-vat'] Phrase
welcome
до́брый день [dób-ryî dyen'] Phrase
good afternoon, good day, hello
не за что [nye za chto] Phrase
don't mention it, there is nothing to thank me for, no problem
будь здоро́в! / бу́дьте здоро́вы! [but' zda-róf / bút'-tye zda-ró-vy] Phrase , for a woman - будь здоро́ва
bless you! (after somebody sneezes, lit. - be healthy!)
осторо́жно [as-ta-rózh-na] Adverb
carefully, cautiously; with care!; be careful!; watch out!
как дела́? [kak dee-lá] Phrase
how are you?
прия́тно познако́миться [pree-yát-na paz-na-kó-mee-tsa] Phrase
nice to meet you
до́брое у́тро [dób-ra-ye út-ra] Phrase
good morning
на́до [ná-da] Predicate noun
(one) must, (one) need, it is necessary
коне́чно [ka-nyéch-na] Adjective
of course, sure
пока́ [pa-ká] Particle
bye (informal)
прия́тного аппети́та [pree-yát-na-va ap-pee-tée-ta] Phrase
enjoy your meal, bon appetit
извини́ть [eez-vee-néet'] Verb , perfective
to pardon, to excuse
норма́льно [nar-mál-na] Adverb
normally, properly; it's ok, normal
здра́вствуйте [zdrá-stvuî-tye] Interjection , informal - "здра́вствуй"
hello; good morning / afternoon / evening
споко́йной но́чи [spa-kóî-naî nó-chee] Phrase
good night! (lit. - quiet night!, said before going to bed)
приве́т [pree-vyét] Interjection
hello, hi
пожа́луйста [pa-zhá-lus-ta] Particle
please; you're welcome
отли́чно [at-léech-na] Adverb
excellent, very good, perfect, great
поня́тно [pa-nyát-na] Adverb
clear, understandable; I see!
спаси́бо [spa-sée-ba] Particle
thanks, thank you
хорошо́ [ha-ra-shó] Adverb
good, well
свобо́дно [sva-bód-na] Adverb
vacant, free, freely; loose, loosely
за́нято [zá-nee-ta] Adverb
busy, occupied
мо́жно [mózh-na] Adverb
allowed, one can
нельзя́ [neel'-zyá] Predicate noun
not allowed, one cannot, one should not
ско́лько [skól'-ka] Pronoun , interrogative
how many, how much
познако́миться [pa-zna-kó-mee-tsa] Verb , perfective
to get acquainted, to meet

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