Russian nouns

Learn Russian nouns from our series “Russian Word of the Day”. Every word comes with two examples and audio.

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жена́ [zhee-ná] Noun feminine
розе́тка [ra-zyét-ka] Noun feminine
socket, wall outlet
муж [muzh] Noun masculine
де́вушка [dyé-vush-ka] Noun feminine
girl, young lady; girlfriend
сон [son] Noun masculine
dream, sleep
па́рень [pá-ryen'] Noun masculine
guy, fellow; boyfriend
шири́нка [shee-réen-ka] Noun feminine
сва́дьба [svád'-ba] Noun feminine
борщ [borsch] Noun masculine
borsch, red-beet soup
спина́ [spee-ná] Noun feminine
back
простоква́ша [pras-ta-kvá-sha] Noun feminine
curdled milk, clabber, sour clotted milk
кефи́р [kee-féer] Noun masculine
kefir, buttermilk
окро́шка [ak-rósh-ka] Noun feminine
cold vegetable soup with bits and pieces of meat or sausage
квас [kvas] Noun masculine
kvass, traditional Russian soft drink made of bread
кани́кулы [ka-née-ku-ly] Noun plural
vacation, holidays, recess
про́пуск [pró-pusk] Noun masculine
ря́женка [ryá-zhen-ka] Noun feminine
ryazhenka (fermented baked milk)
селёдка [see-lyót-ka] Noun feminine
herring
вре́дина [vryé-dee-na] Noun
one who acts in spite; meany
щи [schee] Noun plural
cabbage soup, sauerkraut soup
взя́тка [vzyát-ka] Noun feminine
уша́стый [u-shás-tyi] Noun
big-eared
да́чник [dách-neek] Noun masculine
an urban resident living in the summer at the dacha
опеча́тка [a-pee-chát-ka] Noun feminine
misprint, typo
писк [peesk] Noun masculine
squeak, peep, chirp, cheep
слу́чай [slú-chai] Noun masculine
case, occasion, chance, event
пылесо́с [py-lee-sós] Noun masculine
vacuum cleaner
да́ча [dá-cha] Noun feminine
dacha, summer house, cottage
я́беда [yá-bee-da] Noun
snitch, sneak, informer
кошма́р [kash-már] Noun masculine
двойня́шка [dvai-nyásh-ka] Noun feminine
сте́пень [styé-pyen'] Noun feminine
degree, extent
пла́кса [plák-sa] Noun
crybaby
фо́рточка [fór-tach-ka] Noun feminine
ventilating window, a small hinged window pane
та́пки [táp-kee] Noun plural
home shoes, slippers
копи́лка [ka-péel-ka] Noun feminine
piggy bank, money box
лист [leest] Noun masculine
sheet; leaf
бутербро́д [bu-teer-brót] Noun masculine
sandwich, bread with something on top
кладо́вка [kla-dóf-ka] Noun feminine
pantry, larder, stockroom
полу́чка [pa-lúch-ka] Noun feminine
pay; payday
разочарова́ние [ra-za-chee-ra-vá-nee-ye] Noun neuter
disappointment, disillusionment
сокро́вище [sak-ró-vee-sche] Noun
treasure, riches; darling
жа́дина [zhá-dee-na] Noun
greedy person
свист [sveest] Noun masculine
whistling, whistle (sound)
растя́жка [ras-tyásh-ka] Noun feminine
stretching
посту́пок [pas-tú-pak] Noun masculine
act, deed, action
спа́льня [spál'-nya] Noun feminine
bedroom
шкаф [shkaf] Noun masculine
wardrobe, cupboard
вкусня́тина [fkus-nyá-tee-na] Noun feminine
it's delicious, yummy, tasty
просту́да [pras-tú-da] Noun feminine
cold, chill
кипято́к [kee-pee-tók] Noun masculine
boiling water
бровь [brof'] Noun feminine
eyebrow
ку́хня [kúh-nya] Noun feminine
kitchen, cuisine
сластёна [slas-tyó-na] Noun
sweet lover
фами́лия [fa-mée-lee-ya] Noun feminine
surname, family name
магази́н [ma-ga-zéen] Noun masculine
shop
ко́рень [kó-ryen'] Noun masculine
root, radical
объеде́ние [ab-yee-dyé-nee-ye] Noun neuter
delicious, out of this world
свида́ние [svee-dá-nee-ye] Noun neuter
date, rendezvous
безде́льник [beez-dyél'-neek] Noun masculine
idler, loafer, lazybones, good-for-nothing
о́тпуск [ót-pusk] Noun masculine
leave, vacation, holiday
мы́шца [mýsh-tsa] Noun feminine
muscle
объём [ab-yóm] Noun masculine
volume, capacity
доса́да [da-sá-da] Noun feminine
vexation, disappointment
любо́вь [lyu-bóf'] Noun feminine
трениро́вка [tree-nee-róf-ka] Noun feminine
training, workout, practice
у́хо [ú-ha] Noun neuter
гро́хот [gró-hat] Noun masculine
crash, roar, rumble, rattle
обжо́ра [ab-zhó-ra] Noun
glutton, gormandizer
нога́ [na-gá] Noun feminine
leg, foot
рука́ [ru-ká] Noun feminine
hand, arm
приседа́ние [pree-sye-dá-nee-ye] Noun neuter
squatting
се́рдце [syér-tse] Noun masculine
heart
подтя́гивание [pat-tyá-gee-va-nee-ye] Noun neuter
chin-up, pull-up
отжима́ние [at-zhee-má-nee-ye] Noun neuter
push-up, press-up
в́олос [vó-las] Noun masculine
hair
шёпот [shó-pat] Noun masculine
whisper
глаз [glas] Noun masculine
табуре́тка [ta-bu-ryét-ka] Noun feminine
stool
лоб [lop] Noun masculine
forehead
зарпла́та [zar-plá-ta] Noun feminine
wages, salary
ту́мбочка [túm-bach-ka] Noun feminine
bedside-table
ше́я [shé-ya] Noun feminine
neck
ко́жа [kó-zha] Noun feminine
skin, leather
пло́щадь [pló-schat'] Noun feminine
square, area
губа́ [gu-bá] Noun feminine
лицо́ [lee-tsó] Noun neuter
face
нос [nos] Noun masculine
nose
щека́ [schee-ká] Noun feminine
cheek
засо́ня [za-só-nya] Noun
sleepyhead
грязну́ля [greez-nú-lya] Noun
dirty one
копу́ша [ka-pú-sha] Noun
slowpoke, dawdler
выраже́ние [vy-ra-zhé-nee-ye] Noun neuter
expression
стук [stuk] Noun masculine
knock, tap, clatter
го́род [górat] Noun masculine
city, town
ле́стница [lyés-nee-tsa] Noun feminine
stair
у́лица [ú-lee-tsa] Noun feminine
кварти́ра [kvartéera] Noun feminine
apartment, flat
дру́жба [drúzhba] Noun feminine
friendship