Russian imperfective verbs

Learn Russian imperfective verbs from our series “Russian Word of the Day”. Every verb comes with two examples and audio.

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ду́ться [dú-tsa] Verb imperfective
to sulk , to pout
угоща́ть [u-ga-schát'] Verb imperfective
to treat (to), to stand a treat
кише́ть [kee-shét'] Verb imperfective
to throng, to teem, to swarm, to crawl with
вре́дничать [vryéd-nee-chat'] Verb imperfective
to act in spite, contrary to somebody's interests or desires
придира́ться [pree-dee-rá-tsa] Verb imperfective
to find fault, to carp, to cavil, to nag, to pick on
гре́ться [gryé-tsa] Verb imperfective
to warm / to heat oneself
потака́ть [pa-ta-kát'] Verb imperfective
to indulge, to cater/to pander, to humour
мёрзнуть [myórz-nut'] Verb imperfective
to freeze, to be cold
хоте́ться [ha-tyét'-sya] Verb imperfective
to feel like something/doing something
поступа́ться [pas-tu-pá-tsa] Verb imperfective
to renounce, to give up, to forgo, to waive
зева́ть [zee-vát'] Verb imperfective
to yawn; to gawk / gape
успева́ть [us-pee-vát'] Verb imperfective
to have time to do something, to manage to do something
отстава́ть [at-sta-vát'] Verb imperfective
to lag behind, to be behind
ду́мать [dú-mat'] Verb imperfective
to think
шути́ть [shu-téet'] Verb imperfective
to joke
нажива́ться [na-zhee-vá-tsa] Verb imperfective
to make a profit out of somebody's work or loss
объясня́ть [ab-ee-snyát'] Verb imperfective
свисте́ть [svees-tyét'] Verb imperfective
to whistle
терпе́ть [teer-pyét'] Verb imperfective
to endure, to tolerate, to bear, to stand
наруша́ть [na-ru-shát'] Verb imperfective
to infringe, to violate, to break, to disrupt, to impair
плести́сь [plees-tées'] Verb imperfective
to drag oneself along, to trudge
коке́тничать [ka-kyét-nee-cheet'] Verb imperfective
to coquet, to flirt
занима́ться [za-nee-má-tsa] Verb imperfective
to be busy with, to deal, to practice, to be engaged/involved, to study
обижа́ться [a-bee-zhát'-sya] Verb imperfective
to take offence, to resent
стара́ться [sta-rá-tsa] Verb imperfective
to try, to seek, to endeavour
годи́ться [ga-dée-tsa] Verb imperfective
to suit (for purpose), to be of use (to)
спеши́ть [spee-shéet'] Verb imperfective
to be in a hurry, to hasten
уплета́ть [up-lee-tát'] Verb imperfective
to eat greedily, to stuff oneself with (food)
нра́виться [nrá-vee-tsa] Verb imperfective
to be liked
люби́ть [lyu-béet'] Verb imperfective
купи́ть [ku-péet'] Verb imperfective
to buy, to purchase
потора́пливаться [pa-ta-ráp-lee-va-tsa] Verb imperfective
to make haste, to hurry
кривля́ться [kree-vlyá-tsa] Verb imperfective
to grimace, to make faces
скуча́ть [sku-chát'] Verb imperfective
to be bored, to have a tedious time; (по кому-то) to long (for), to miss
раздража́ть [razd-ra-zhát'] Verb imperfective
to provoke, to vex, to annoy, to irritate
издева́ться [eez-dye-vát'-sya] Verb imperfective
to jeer, to scoff, to mock, to bully, to taunt
зараба́тывать [za-ra-bá-ty-vat'] Verb imperfective
to earn
вя́нуть [vyá-nut'] Verb imperfective
to wither, to fade
смея́ться [smye-yá-tsa] Verb imperfective
грусти́ть [grus-téet'] Verb imperfective
to be sad, to feel blue, to grieve
ра́доваться [rá-da-va-tsa] Verb imperfective
to be happy, to rejoice
обижа́ть [a-bee-zhát'] Verb imperfective
to offend, to hurt feelings, to treat badly
пла́вать [plá-vat'] Verb imperfective
to swim, to float
сомнева́ться [sam-nee-vá-tsa] Verb imperfective
to doubt, to have one's doubts
опа́здывать [a-páz-dy-vat'] Verb imperfective
to be late, to be overdue
занима́ть [za-nee-mát'] Verb imperfective
to occupy, to take up; to borrow
встреча́ться [vstree-chá-tsa] Verb imperfective
to meet, to see, to date (somebody)
копа́ться [ka-pá-tsa] Verb imperfective
to dig; to probe; to dawdle
сади́ться [sa-dée-tsa] Verb imperfective
to sit down
получа́ться [pa-lu-chá-tsa] Verb imperfective
to result, to turn out, to arrive
притворя́ться [pree-tva-ryá-tsa] Verb imperfective
to feign, to pretend, to act, to simulate
постара́ться [pas-ta-rá-tsa] Verb imperfective
to try (hard), to make an effort
предвеща́ть [pryed-vee-schát'] Verb imperfective
to forebode, to presage, to betoken, to foreshadow
хоте́ть [ha-tyét'] Verb imperfective
уходи́ть [u-ha-déet'] Verb imperfective
to walk away, to leave
прогу́ливать [pra-gu-lee-vat'] Verb imperfective
to miss, to skip (classes or work)
па́хнуть [páh-nut'] Verb imperfective
смотре́ть [smatryét'] Verb imperfective
to look, to watch
гуля́ть [gu-lyát'] Verb imperfective
to go for a walk, to walk, to stroll, to be outside