Russian imperfective verbs

Learn Russian imperfective verbs from our series “Russian Word of the Day”. Every verb comes with two examples and audio.

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забо́титься [za-bó-tee-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to care for, to take care of, to look after
по́лдничать [póld-nee-chat'] Verb , imperfective
to have an afternoon snack (poldnik)
буди́ть [bu-déet'] Verb , imperfective
to wake somebody up
расстра́иваться [rast-rá-ee-va-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to get upset; to be out of tune (musical instruments); to fall apart (plans, etc.)
подсма́тривать [pat-smát-ree-vát'] Verb , imperfective
to spy, to peep
наде́яться [na-dyé-ya-tsa] Verb , imperfective
подслу́шивать [pat-slú-shee-vat'] Verb , imperfective
to eavesdrop, to overhear
спать [spat'] Verb , imperfective
to sleep, to be asleep
собира́ться [sa-bee-rá-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to prepare, to get ready; to be going, to be about, to intend; to gather, to assemble
вяза́ть [vee-zát'] Verb , imperfective
to knit, to crochet
писа́ть [pee-sát'] Verb , imperfective
зашка́ливать [za-shká-lee-vat'] Verb , imperfective
to be off scale / too much / through the roof
нака́зывать [na-ká-zy-vat'] Verb , imperfective
to punish
преодолева́ть [pree-a-da-lee-vát'] Verb , imperfective
to overcome, to overpass, to surmount, to get over
ползти́ [palz-tée] Verb , imperfective
to crawl
мочь [moch] Verb , imperfective
to be able, can
ждать [zhdat'] Verb , imperfective
уме́ть [u-myét'] Verb , imperfective
can, to be able, to know how
ока́зываться [a-ká-zy-va-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to turn out, to be found, to prove to be; to find oneself, to fall within
купа́ться [ku-pá-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to take a bath, to bathe, to have a swim, to have a dip
по́лзать [pól-zat'] Verb , imperfective
to crawl
сове́товать [sa-vyé-ta-vat'] Verb , imperfective
to advise, to counsel, to recommend, to suggest
слы́шать [slý-shat'] Verb , imperfective
закругля́ться [za-kru-glyá-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to round off, to curve; (slang) to wrap it up, to call it a day
бри́ться [brée-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to shave (oneself), to get a shave
загора́ть [za-ga-rát'] Verb , imperfective
слу́шать [slú-shat'] Verb , imperfective
to listen, to hear

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