Russian imperfective verbs

Learn Russian imperfective verbs from our series “Russian Word of the Day”. Every verb comes with two examples and audio.

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зашка́ливать [za-shká-lee-vat'] Verb , imperfective
to be off scale / too much / through the roof
нака́зывать [na-ká-zy-vat'] Verb , imperfective
to punish
преодолева́ть [pree-a-da-lee-vát'] Verb , imperfective
to overcome, to overpass, to surmount, to get over
ползти́ [palz-tée] Verb , imperfective
to crawl
мочь [moch] Verb , imperfective
to be able, can
ждать [zhdat'] Verb , imperfective
уме́ть [u-myét'] Verb , imperfective
can, to be able, to know how
ока́зываться [a-ká-zy-va-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to turn out, to be found, to prove to be; to find oneself, to fall within
купа́ться [ku-pá-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to take a bath, to bathe, to have a swim, to have a dip
по́лзать [pól-zat'] Verb , imperfective
to crawl
сове́товать [sa-vyé-ta-vat'] Verb , imperfective
to advise, to counsel, to recommend, to suggest
слы́шать [slý-shat'] Verb , imperfective
закругля́ться [za-kru-glyá-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to round off, to curve; (slang) to wrap it up, to call it a day
бри́ться [brée-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to shave (oneself), to get a shave
загора́ть [za-ga-rát'] Verb , imperfective
слу́шать [slú-shat'] Verb , imperfective
to listen, to hear
счита́ть [schee-tát'] Verb , imperfective
to count, to compute, to reckon; to consider, to think
ви́деть [vée-deet'] Verb , imperfective
ненави́деть [nee-na-vée-deet'] Verb , imperfective
to hate, to loathe
красне́ть [kras-nyét'] Verb , imperfective
to blush, to flush, to redden
путеше́ствовать [pu-tee-shést-va-vat'] Verb , imperfective
to travel
туши́ть [tu-shéet'] Verb , imperfective
(about a fire) to put out, to extinguish; (cooking) to braise, to stew
дава́ть [da-vát'] Verb , imperfective
спи́сывать [spée-sy-vat'] Verb , imperfective
to copy off, to crib
боя́ться [ba-yá-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to be afraid, to fear, to dread
приземля́ться [pree-zeem-lyá-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to land, to touch down
смерка́ться [smeer-ká-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to grow dusky

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